13. BUMA 9: The Beginnings of the Use of Metal and Alloys (Korea, Oct 2017)

The 9th BUMA conference will take place in Busan, Korea, 16-19 Oct 2017, and is being organised by the Korean Institute of Metals and Materials.


BUMA (Beginnings of the Use of Metals and Alloys) was founded in 1981 by two eminent archaeometallurgists Prof. Robert Maddin (Philadelphia) and Prof Tsun Ko (Beijing), with the strong support of late Professors Cyril Stanley Smith (MIT) and Yunoshin Imai (Tohoku University) from the 2nd conference on.

The 9th BUMA Conference (2017) – the theme is “Cultural Interaction and the Use of Metals”. The Conference will provide a forum for discussion on the effects of metals on culture and history with a special focus on Asian materials. Comparative studies and case studies on ancient and traditional metallurgy from other regions can illuminate interactions between the Far East and the West through South Asia as well as Eurasia.

The 9th BUMA Conference covers the following themes:
(1) Iron and Steel Technology
(2) Copper and Bronze Technology
(3) Precious Metals and Coinage
(4) Casting Technology of Bronze and Iron
(5) Swords and Iron Artifacts
(6) History of Alloys (Brass, Paktong and Shiromé)
(7) Ores and Metal Production
(8) Illustrated Technology of Mining and Metallurgy
(9) Experimental Metallurgy, Survey Methods and Conservation

The first eight conferences took place in Beijing, China (1981), Zhengzhou, China (1986), Sanmenxia, China (1992), Matsue, Japan (1998), Gyeongju, Korea (2002), Beijing, China (2006), Bangalore, India (2009), and Nara, Japan (2013).

Details are available on the BUMA IX website.

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